October 2019 Research Institute Global wealth report 2019 Color gradient or Image placeholder Thought leadership from Credit Suisse and the world's foremost experts Editorial Ten years ago, the Credit Suisse Research To mark its tenth anniversary, this year’s report Institute launched the first Global wealth report examines in more detail the underlying factors providing the most comprehensive and up-to-for the evolution of wealth levels and wealth dis-date survey of household wealth. Since then the tribution. The growth records of countries can be Global wealth report has become the standard quite different depending on whether wealth is reference point to monitor wealth growth across measured in US dollars or domestic currencies, countries and the extent to which wealth inequalities or in nominal or inflation-adjusted units. In the are widening or narrowing. longer term, the most successful countries are those that succeed in raising wealth as a multiple For the past decade, global wealth creation has of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by addressing centered around China and the United States. institutional and financial-sector deficiencies. This year, the United States extended its un-This can result in a virtuous cycle in which broken spell of wealth gains, which began after higher wealth stimulates GDP growth, which in the global financial crisis in 2008. The United turn raises aggregate wealth. China, India and States also accounts for 40% of dollar million-Vietnam provide examples of this virtuous cycle aires worldwide and for 40% of those in the top in action. 1% of global wealth distribution. Wealth in China started the century from a lower base, but grew Second, the report looks at the evolution of at a much faster pace during the early years. It wealth inequality. The bottom half of wealth was one of the few countries to avoid the impact holders collectively accounted for less than 1% of the global financial crisis. China’s progress of total global wealth in mid-2019, while the has enabled it to replace Europe as the principal richest 10% own 82% of global wealth and source of global wealth growth and to replace the top 1% alone own 45%. Global inequality Japan as the country with the second-largest fell during the first part of this century when a number of millionaires. More tellingly, China narrowing of gaps between countries was rein-overtook the United States this year to become forced by declining inequality within countries. the country with most people in the top 10% of While advances by emerging markets contin-global wealth distribution. ued to narrow the gaps between countries, inequality within countries grew as economies The rest of the world has not stood still. Other recovered after the global financial crisis. As a emerging markets – India in particular – have result, the top 1% of wealth holders increased made a steady contribution, which we expect their share of world wealth. This trend appears to continue over the next five years. However, to have abated in 2016 and global inequality is overall worldwide growth was modest in the 12 now likely to edge downward in the immediate months up to mid-2019. Aggregate global wealth future. rose by USD 9.1 trillion to USD 360.6 trillion, representing a growth rate of 2.6%. Wealth per Given some of this year’s intriguing findings, we adult grew by just 1.2% to USD 70,850 per adult hope you will find the Global wealth report 2019 in mid-2019. The number of new millionaires a valuable source of information and wish you was also relatively modest, up 1.1 million to 46.8 interesting reading. million. The United States added 675,000 newcomers, more than half of the global total. Japan and China each contributed more than 150,000, Urs Rohner but Australia lost 124,000 millionaires following a Chairman of the Board of Directors fall in average wealth. Credit Suisse Group AG 2 02 Editorial 05 Global wealth 2019: The year in review 17 The evolution of wealth levels 25 The evolution of wealth distribution 37 Wealth outlook 43 Wealth of nations 44 United States – Growth amid worries 45 China – Stalled growth 46 India – Still growing 47 Russia – Changing fortunes 48 Germany – Holding pattern 49 United Kingdom – On the brink? 50 Switzerland – View from the top 51 Singapore – Renewed growt

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